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The reproductive system is a group of organs that work together for reproduction. The reproductive system is different in males and females. The function of the male reproductive system is to produce sperm. The female reproductive system has two functions. The first function is to produce egg cells for reproduction and the second function is to provide nourishment to the fetus.

Reproductive system
The female reproductive system consists of a series of organs located inside the body of a female which contribute towards the reproduction process. These organs consist of the uterus and the ovary. The ovaries produce the female ova or eggs and the uterus holds the developing fetus.


The male reproductive system consists of organs around the pelvis region. The main function of the male reproductive system is to provide the sperm that contributes to the reproduction process.

Did you know: The sperm is the smallest human cell.

Reproductive system organs
The female reproductive system organs are the uterus, fallopian tube and ovaries.

Ovaries
The ovaries are small pair of organs located near the lateral wall of the female pelvic cavity. The ovary is responsible for the production of egg cells also known as ova and the secretion of hormones. During fertilization, the surface of the egg attaches to the surface of the sperm.

Fallopian tube
The fallopian tube has two tubes from the uterus to the ovaries. The follicle and the ovary wall rupture when the ovum is matured and in this way it enters the fallopian tube. From here it travels to the uterus pushed along by movements of the inner lining of the tubes. Once the fertilized ovum has reached the uterus, it is the start of pregnancy.

Uterus
The Uterus is a major female reproductive organ. It is a pear shaped muscular organ. It houses the embryo which develops into fetus. The uterus provides nutrition and protection to the embryo. It also helps in waste removal. The ligaments of the uterus help to stabilize the position of the fetus and limit its movement. The gestation period for human fetus within the uterus is typically nine months. The contraction in the uterus helps in pushing out the fetus at the time of birth.

The male reproductive organs are scrotum, testes, epididymis and prostate.

Male Reproductive System

Scrotum
It is an organ made up of skin and muscle that houses the testes. It is made up of two side by side pouches and each houses a testes.

Testes
The testes are responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone.The testes is divided into two parts called lobules. Each lobule contains epithelial cells which contain many stem cells that divide and form sperm cells.

Epididymis
It is a sperm storage area. It is made up of thin tubules that are tightly coiled into a small mass. The sperms produced in the testes move to the epididymis to mature before they are passed to the male reproductive organ.

Prostate
It is an exocrine gland and borders the inferior end of the urinary bladder and surround the urethra. It makes up a large portion of the fluid that make up semen.

Diseases of the reproductive system
Reproductive system diseases include infections that affect the reproductive tract, congenital abnormalities, functional problems, cancer and disruption of the endocrine system that produces hormones.

 

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